Contributions to our knowledge of the meteorology of the Arctic Regions. by Great Britain. Meteorological Office.

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An important contribution to our knowledge of the meteorology of the arctic regions is provided by a publication’ under the authority of the Meteorological Council of Great Britain, printed in the years Buy Contributions to Our Knowledge of the Meteorology of Cape Horn and the West Coast of South America on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.

All About Arctic Climatology and Meteorology The Arctic is not just a region but also a system—physical, biological, chemical, climatological. The region encompassing the north polar region (the area north of the Arctic Circle) is largely an ocean basin surrounded by land.

Advancing knowledge of Earth's frozen regions. Contributions of traditional knowledge to understanding climate change in the Canadian Arctic - Volume 37 Issue - Dyanna Riedlinger, Fikret Berkes Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our by: Contributions to our knowledge of the meteorology of the Arctic regions / (London: Printed for H.M.

Stationery off., ), by Great Britain. Meteorological Office (page images at HathiTrust) Annalen der Königlichen Sternwarte bei München. Author of Meteorological Office annual review, Rainfall over the area of the Lincolnshire, Welland and Nene River BoardsGeophysical memoirs, Barometer manual, First [- ] number of meteorological papers., First numbers of meteorological papers published by authority of the Board of Trade, Notes on meteorology, Fourth numbers of meteorological papers published by.

This is one of the best books on the Arctic climate system and should be required reading for all scientists and students engaged in the study of the Arctic environment.' Polar Geography Review of the first edition: 'I do like this book, which indicates current knowledge concerning the climate of the Arctic and its interaction with the lower Cited by: Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena, and atmospheric effects on our atmosphere is the gaseous layer of the physical environment that surrounds a planet.

Earth’s atmosphere is roughly to kilometers ( miles) thick. Gravity keeps the atmosphere from expanding much farther. Meteorology is a subdiscipline of the atmospheric.

The polar regions present several unique challenges to meteorology, including remoteness and a harsh environment. We summarize the evolution of polar meteorology in both hemispheres, beginning with measurements made during early expeditions and concluding with the recent decades in which polar meteorology has been central to global challenges such as the ozone Author: John E.

Walsh, David H. Bromwich, James. Overland, Mark C. Serreze, Kevin R. Wood. This book is a new and revised second edition of the book ‘The Climate of the Arctic’, published in It presents a comprehensive analysis of the current state of knowledge related to the climate of the Arctic, using the latest meteorological data.

The polar regions have experienced some remarkable environmental changes in recent decades, such as the Antarctic ozone hole, the loss of large amounts of.

The Royal Geographical Society's Gold Medal consists of two separate awards: the Founder's Medal and the Patron's Medal Together they form the most prestigious of the society's awards. They are given for "the encouragement and promotion of geographical science and discovery." Royal approval is required before an award can be made.

Much of our early knowledge of weather conditions in the Canadian Arctic has been abstracted from the logs of Arctic expeditions.

An important publication which lists the meteorological observations of 36 expeditions during the period is “Contributions to Our Knowledge of the Meteorology of the Arctic Regions, Vol.

Polar meteorology is the study of the atmosphere of Earth's polar e temperature inversion is typical of polar environments and leads to the katabatic wind phenomenon. The vertical temperature structure of polar environments tends to be more complex than in mid-latitude or tropical climates.

Weather and climate in the far north are very different than weather and climate in the middle and lower latitudes, where most people live, but it is not always bitterly cold. Summer days can be surprisingly warm, even in tundra regions, and summer thunderstorms in the Arctic are common, sometimes setting forest fires.

This paper reviews the major contributions made by Norwegian scientists to Arctic environmental sciences since the s. The review begins with the first International Polar Year (IPY) in Author: Roger Graham Barry.

Arctic Climatology an d Meteorology PRIMER National Snow and Ice Data Center This educational web site by NSIDC is the only educational site (besides this one) devoted to the climate and meteorology of the Arctic.

The site emphasizes Russian contributions to our knowledge of the Arctic with several pictures from the Russian drifting stations. Subjects: Arctic regions Description and travel Greenland Greenland Expeditions, Meteorology University of Michigan Farthest north; being the record of a voyage of exploration of the ship "Fram"and of a fifteen months' sleigh journey by.

In a number of different studies, the atmospheric researcher has also combined observational data from terrestrial surfaces, oceans and sea ice in order to improve the understanding of the complex interactive processes at play in the Arctic and their contributions to “Arctic amplification”.

> web > web Dr. Michaela Mayer. Abstract of "Contributions to our Knowledge of the Meteorology of the Arctic Regions" n.d. Harmer, Sidney F. Southern Whaling: Extract Proceedings of The Linnean Society of London: Harrington, H.J.

Beaufort Island, Remnant of a Quaternary Volcano in the Ross Sea, Antarctica: Reprinted from the New Zealand Journal of. Natural history -- Arctic regions. See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Natural history; Arctic regions; Narrower terms: Natural history -- Arctic regions.

Finland's Chairmanship of the Arctic Council: Exploring Common Solutions in Arctic Meteorology The country of Finland serves as chair of the Arctic Council through May As part of its chairmanship goals, Finland has committed to advancing meteorological cooperation and capacity building. The Physical Geography of the Sea is a new department of human knowledge.

It has resulted from that beautiful and admirable system of physical research, in which all the maritime nations have agreed to unite; and for the furtherance of which bureaux have been established, especially in Holland, England, France, and the United States.

Several kinds of seismological investigations have been conducted in the polar region, which include the areas of both the Arctic and the Antarctic regions, in various depth ranges from the surface layers to the deep interiors of the Earth.

The polar region has an advantage in order to seek inside the physical condition of the Earth as a “window” viewed from high : Masaki Kanao. The Arctic Ocean and Climate: A Perspective K.

Aagaard Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Cited by:   The polar regions have experienced some remarkable environmental changes in recent decades, such as the Antarctic ozone hole, the loss of large amounts of sea ice from the Arctic Ocean and major warming on the Antarctic Peninsula.

The polar regions are also predicted to warm more than any other region on Earth over the next century if greenhouse gas 5/5(1). The causes for the unique meteorology of the Pacific Arctic region is a seasonal swing from a large heat loss in winter to a heat gain in summer and the dominating presence of sea ice.

The primary determinant of this seasonal climate shift is the annual cycle of insolation from a maximum of W/m2 near the summer solstice to darkness in winter.

The average Arctic winter temperature is ° F (°C), while the average Arctic summer temperature is ° F (° C). In general, Arctic winters are long and cold while summers are short and cool. And some places in the Arctic are actually warmer then you might expect because they are near the coast and are warmed by the warm ocean water.

Atmospheric Profiles. Atmospheric profiles depict the vertical variation of quantities such as air temperature, humidity, and wind.

Current conventional meteorological data sets (e.g., collections available at the National Snow and Ice Data Center [NSIDC]) generally do not provide adequate spatial and temporal coverage, especially over ocean and sea ice portions of the polar regions.

In addition to its material progress in observers and apparatus, theoretical meteorology has especially profited by the labors of eminent physicists. Those who have, sincecontributed most to our knowledge of the mechanics and physics of the atmosphere may be enumerated as follows: Adolph Erman, who published in a memoir on the distribution.

The Lamb Weather Type Classification has been adapted and modified subsequently, but it remains one of Hubert's lasting contributions to meteorology, and gave an impetus to climatological research. Whilst still awaiting training as a climatologist, in the best tradition of the British Civil Service, Hubert was put in charge of overseas climate.

2 Overview of NASA Data Sets. As a first step in assessing data sets with relevance to research in high latitudes, it is important to describe the broad context—that is, to introduce NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE) and to provide examples to illustrate the great diversity of available and expected products.

That there are potential gaps in our knowledge seems to be indicated in this paper; The Early Twentieth-Century Warming in the Arctic—A Possible Mechanism.

LENNART BENGTSSON. Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, and Environmental Systems Science Centre, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom. VLADIMIR A. Aristotle Explains the Lights. Over years ago, there were detailed descriptions and explanations of the Northern Lights (or, as they much later became known as, "auroras").

In his book "Meteorology", written over 2, years ago, Aristotle ( BCE*) described them as a light which resembled the flames of burning these flames spread and at the same time.

The object of geography is to extend our knowledge of the earth's surface and to determine the position of our planet in relation to cosmic and physical phenomena.

For the fulfilment of its first and more important task, the accumulation of geographic information, the prerequisites were at hand even in the earlier days.

Social and economic aspects of climate change in arctic regions, by Hugh Beach. are threatened, and if the added adaptive flexibility granted our Indigenous knowledge comprises far more than ineffectual cosmologies, unknowingly non-harmful cosmologies, or detailedFile Size: 49KB.

within the arctic circle. narrative of the discoveries of the austrian ship “tegetthoff” in the years by julius payer, one of the commanders of the expedition. with maps and numerous illustrations from drawings by the author. translated from the german, with the author’s approbation.

new york: d. appleton and company, and. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.

Full text of "Smithsonian contributions to knowledge" See other formats. Arctic temperatures range from an average winter value of °C (°F) to an average summer temperature just under 10°C (50°F).

The coldest recorded arctic temperature is °C (°F) in Oymyakon, Siberia, Russia on 6 February and in Verkhoyansk, Siberia, Russia on 3. Alaska and the Arctic Dramatic reductions in Arctic sea ice threaten ecosystems and fisheries, disrupt traditional lifestyles, and erode coastlines.

Increasing development activities may boost the region’s economy, but they also increase risks to ecosystems and the environment.THE METEOROLOGY OF THE ARCTIC REGION is much used in modern meteorology and denotes a vast body of air whose physical properties are more or less uniform in the horizontal direction.

The air, being almost transparent relative to high– regions in arctic and subarctic latitudes are characterized by high.By Marcus Benjamin, Fellow of the Chemical Society of London. American meteorology began with the Reverend John Campanius, a Swedish clergyman who settled near the present site of Wilmington, Delaware, in Campanius, the "first meteorological observer on the western continent," kept an account of the weather, day by day, during the years ` [1 Henry.

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